Artificial intelligence can be defined as "
the branch of computer science that is
concerned with automation of computer system in an intelligent
manner as like as humans".
Intelligence focuses on developing
computer programs to solve complex problems and process
humans can do, now can be performed by machines too just, because of
AI is used
it saves a whole lot of time and manpower.
Components : Artificial Intelligence
There are six major
components of an artificial intelligence system. They are solely
responsible for generating desired results from a computer system.
Artificial Intelligence Component
Representation: It is the
foundation of an AI System. It is a knowledge
base with the help of which machines can perform tasks and generate
results as good as humans.
Techniques: With large
knowledge base containing huge amount of information, searching data
from this could be a difficult task. In order to solve this issue,
heuristic searching techniques can be used which can provide
results(because of certain criteria) as early as possible with
Hardware: Implementation of
developed programs can only be done when a hardware of certain
compatibility is present. It must be fast enough to accommodate and
produce searching results. Memory container should be large as it is
needed for the knowledge base. Also, Without the presence of AI
hardware, implementation of AI systems would
Computer Vision and Pattern
Recognition: This component
enables AI programs to capture the inputs on its own by generating a
real world scenario against it. Also, good hardware will be able to
gather patterns and those patterns further can be used as
Processing: It is an
engineering of system that processes or analyses written or spoken
languages. Speech recognition is not sufficient to capture real
world data. Only acquiring the word sequence into computer is not
enough and parsing the sentence is not enough either. Hence, Natural
Language processing provides the understanding of domain of text to
Artificial Intelligence Language and Support
Tools: AI languages are
similar to software development programming languages but with a
slight difference, as AI languages tries to capture human brain
processes and logic as much as possible. One of the mostly used
language in AI is the mathematical concept of “Logic”.
Characteristics : Artificial Intelligence
Computer system thinking and performing like
Speech Recognition Ability.
Computer Vision Ability.
Decision making Ability.
Keeps on learning and
improving in order to generate desired
Applications : Artificial
Artificial Intelligence :
Intelligent Agents are self-driven entities having
the property of observing through sensors and acting upon it through
actuators in order to achieve goals.
the help of learning and knowledge extraction ability, Intelligent
agents can achieve their goals.
are different intelligent agents based upon their functionalities
i.e. simple intelligent agents and complex intelligent